Chapter 4

Understanding Bullying

1. Coalition for Children, “Take A Stand Prevention of Bullying,”

2. Pat Palmer, The Mouse, the Monster and Me, 3rd ed. (Weaverville, CA: Boulden Publishing, 2011).

3. Michael F. Shaughnessy, “An Interview with Rick Phillips: About Columbine Ten Years Later,” Education News, May 12, 2009, Rick Phillips is the executive director of Community Matters ( and author of several notable books about violence prevention.

4. Rosalind Wiseman, Queen Bees and Wannabes: Helping Your Daughter Survive Cliques, Gossip, Boyfriends, and the New Realities of Girl World, revised and updated ed. (New York: Three Rivers Press, 2009).

5. Jessie Klein, “Gender Is Key to the Bullying Culture,” Women’s Media Center, March 27, 2012,

6. Adele Faber and Elaine Mazlish, Siblings Without Rivalry: How to Help Your Children Live Together So You Can Live Too (New York: W.W. Norton, 2012).

7. Bullying expert Jonathan Cohen, president of the National School Climate Center, in personal e-mail communication with Louise Hart, February 10, 2013.

8. Liz Urbanski Farrell, “Workplace Bullying’s High Cost: $180M in Lost Time, Productivity,” Orlando Business Journal, March 18, 2002, referencing.

9. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Public Education, “Media Violence,” Pediatrics 108, no. 5 (November 1, 2001): 1222–26,

10. Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, “Daily Media Use among Children and Teens up Dramatically from Five Years Ago,” news release, January 20, 2010,

11. National Television Violence Study, 1995, 1996, adapted from Amy Aidman, “Television Violence: Content, Context, and Consequences,” Early Childhood and Parenting Collaborative,

12. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Public Education, “Media Violence.”

13. Dr. James Gilligan is a professor and author of seven books about violence. This quote is from “Shame, Guilt and Violence,” Social Research: An International Quarterly 70, no. 4 (Winter 2003): 1149–80.

14. Bruce Perry, “Why Does Violence Happen?,” Scholastic,

15. Victoria J. Rideout, Ulla G. Foehr, and Donald F. Roberts, Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds (Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2010).

16. A. C. Huston et al., Big World, Small Screen: The Role of Television in American Society (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992).

17. American Academy of Pediatrics, “Where We Stand: TV Viewing Time,”, last updated November 30, 2012,

18. Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence, “Gun Violence Statistics,” http://smartgun

19. Dan Olweus, Bullying at School (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2006).

20. Teresa Watanabe, “Thousands of LAUSD Students Gather to Discuss Bullying,” Los Angeles Times, April 18, 2012,

21. Valerie Jarrett, “Empowering Young People to Build a Kinder, Braver World,” The OPE Blog, August 8, 2012,

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