Chapter 1

“And How Are the Children?”

1. UNICEF, Child Poverty in Perspective: An Overview of Child Well-Being in Rich Countries, Innocenti Report Card (Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2007).

2. International Centre for Prison Studies, “Entire World: Prison Population Rates per 100,000 of the National Population,” /worldbrief/wpb_stats.php?area=all&category=wb_poprate.

3. Jennifer Warren, Adam Gelb, Jake Horowitz, and Jessica Riordan, One in 100: Behind Bars in America 2008 (Washington, DC: Pew Charitable Trusts, Pew Center on the States, 2008), _Assets/2008/one%20in%20100.pdf.

4. “Stanford Prison Experiment,”

5. “Maine Project Against Bullying,” page last updated February 2004, http://lincoln

6. Michael Petit, “America’s Child Death Shame,” BBC News US & Canada, October 17, 2011,

7. National Association for Children of Alcoholics, “Children of Alcoholics: Important Facts,”

8. National Association for Children of Alcoholics, “Children of Addicted Parents: Important Facts,”

9. Jessie Klein, The Bully Society: School Shootings and the Crisis of Bullying in America’s Schools (New York: New York University Press, 2012).

10. Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network, “Statistics,”; Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network, “97 of Every 100 Rapists Receive No Punishment, RAINN Analysis Shows,”

11. National Institute of Justice, “Most Victims Know Their Attacker,” October 1, 2008,

12. United States Census Bureau, “Poverty: Highlights,” /poverty/about/overview/. The data presented on this web page are from the Current Population Survey (CPS), 2012 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC), the source of official poverty estimates.

13. Madeline Levine, The Price of Privilege: How Parental Pressure and Material Advantage Are Creating a Generation of Disconnected and Unhappy Kids (New York: HarperCollins, 2006).

14. Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood, “Marketing to Children (Over- view),”

15. David Walsh, foreword to How Much Is Enough? Everything You Need to Know to Steer Clear of Overindulgence and Raise Likeable, Responsible and Respectful Children, by Jean Illsley Clarke, Connie Dawson, and David Bredehoft (New York: Marlowe & Company, 2004), xii.

16. Michele Borba, “Nurturing Tolerance to Reduce Bullying,” Reality Check (blog), March 17, 2011, -children-tolerance/.

17. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD),” last updated December 12, 2011,

18. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Children and Adolescents Age 9-17 with Mental or Addictive Disorders,” in Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General (Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Mental Health, 1999),

19. Barbara Dafoe Whitehead, quoted in Ellen Goodman, “Battling Our Culture Is Parents’ Task,” Chicago Tribune, August 18, 1993. Whitehead’s current studies can be found at

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