Chapter 19

Superpowering Our Kids

1. M. B. Greene, “Bullying in Schools: A Plea for Measure of Human Rights,” Journal of Social Issues 62 (2006): 63–79, doi: 10.1111/j.1540-4560.2006.00439.x.

2. United Nations, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, “Convention on the Rights of the Child,” September 2, 1990,

3. N. L. Asdigian, J. Dziuba-Leatherman, and D. Finkelhor, “The Effectiveness of Victimization Prevention Instruction: An Evaluation of Children’s Responses to Actual Threats and Assaults,” Child Abuse and Neglect 19, no. 2 (1995): 141–53.

4. Gregory Wallace, “O’Reilly, Stewart ‘Rumble’ No Average Debate,” Political Ticker(blog),, October 6, 2012, /06/oreilly-stewart-rumble-no-average-debate/.

5. UNICEF, Child Poverty in Perspective: An Overview of Child Well-Being in Rich Countries, Innocenti Report Card (Florence: UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2007).

6. Ibid.

7. “United States Only First-World Country Without Mandatory Paid Maternity Leave: ‘A Human Rights Issue’ (VIDEO),” Huff Post Parents, Huffington Post,updated December 15, 2012,

8. Wikipedia, s.v. “List of Countries by Intentional Homicide Rate,” last modified March 18, 2013, _rate.

9. Jamie Gumbrecht, “In Sweden, a Generation of Kids Who’ve Never Been Spanked,”, November 9, 2011,

10. Swedish Institute, “Sweden and Swedes,”, 2006,

11. Clearinghouse on International Developments in Child, Youth and Family Policies at Columbia University, “Sweden,”

12. Katrin Bennhold, “In Sweden, Men Can Have It All,” New York Times, June 9, 2010, pagewanted=all&_r=0.

13. Jane Waldfogel and Elizabeth Washbrook, “Low Income and Early Cognitive Development in the U.K.: A Report for the Sutton Trust,” February 1, 2010,

14. Frank J. Elgar, Wendy Craig, William Boyce, Antony Morgan, and Rachel Vella-Zarb, “Income Inequality and School Bullying: Multilevel Study of Adolescents in 37 Countries,” Journal of Adolescent Health 45, no. 4 (October 2009): 351–59, doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2009.04.004.

15. “Caring Economy,”, For more information, read The Real Wealth of Nations by Riane Eisler.

16. For more information on Sweden’s legal evolution on corporal punishment, see

17. Zvi Strassberg, Kenneth A. Dodge, Gregory S. Pettit, and John E. Bates, “Spanking in the Home and Children’s Subsequent Aggression toward Kindergarten Peers,” Development and Psychopathology 6 (1994): 445–61,

18. DogHeirs, “Mkombozi the Stray Dog Saved the Life of a Newborn Baby,” February 13, 2012,

19. Michele Mason, phone conversation with Kristen Caven, 2005.