Chapter 17

Hardwired for Resilience

1. YouthARTS, “Glossary,” 2003,

2. City of Mukilteo, Washington, “At Risk Youth–Definition,” http://user.govoutreach .com/mukilteo/faq.php?cid=5948.

3. UN-HABITAT, “UrbanYouth-At-Risk in Latin America and the Caribbean and the Key Role of Local Authorities in Addressing Youth and Crime and Promoting Citizenship Among Youth,” 2003,

4. This concept is from Jane Middelton-Moz, Will to Survive (Deerfield Beach, FL:HCI Books, 1992).

5. Staff Writers, “15 Famous and Successful People Who Were Bullied in School,” Online Colleges, November 2, 2011,

6. Gabor Maté, Scattered, interview by Tracy Frisch, “What Ails Us,” Sun Magazine, August 2012.

7. Ishmael Beah, A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier (New York: Sarah Crichton Books, 2007).

8. Workplace Bullying Institute, “The WBI 3-Step Action Plan,”

9. Ending Violence Association of British Colombia, “End Violence Together Fact Sheet: Acquaintance Rape,”

10. Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network, “How Often Does Sexual Assault Occur?,” 2009,

11. United States Army, “Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness,”

12. Jane Gilham and Karen Reivich, “Description of PRP Lessons,” Penn Resiliency Project, Penn Positive Psychology Center,

13. K. Dodge, “A Social Information Processing Model of Social Competence in Children,” in Cognitive Perspectives on Children’s Social and Behavioral Development, ed. M. Perlmutter (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1986); K. A. Dodge, and C. L. Frame, “Social Cognitive Biases and Deficits in Aggressive Boys,” Child Development 53, no. 3 (1982): 620–35.

14. Bonnie Benard, Resiliency (San Francisco: WestEd, 2004).

15. Jonathan Cohen, quoted in Sam Goldstein and Robert B. Brooks, eds., Handbook of Resilience in Children, 2nd ed. (New York: Springer Publisher, 2013).

Next chapter >